Eczema: Treatments, Types, And What Causes And Is

Eczema is a common condition that happens to more than 30 million people in the United States. So, if you’re one of them is a guide, it’ll be very functional because you’ll know what treatments can heal your skin, the types, best creams to use, and what is and causes eczema.

Table of content

What is eczema?

It’s the name of a group of skin conditions that every type has itchy skin. Even so, also, it can have red, scaly, inflamed, or dry skin, depending on the variety.
This condition usually has a damaged skin barrier. Thus, it makes your skin more prone to infections, dryness, and sensitivity.

What causes eczema?

They are different causes of eczema, with include:

  • If one of your relatives has eczema, you’re more likely to develop it due to genetics.
  • The environment has low humidity.
  • Uses harsh soaps or detergents.
  • The exposure to smoked tobacco, dust mites, pet fur, or pollen.
  • Using cloth like wool or synthetic fabric.
  • There’s a dysfunction in the immune system.

What does eczema look like?

Eczema is the name of a group of skin conditions, so it looks different depending on the type. Even so, in general looks like rashes and inflamed skin.

Eczema vs. psoriasis: What’s the difference?

Although eczema and psoriasis share some similarities, like itchy skin, but have other main differences, like what it causes.
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that causes flaky patches of skin that form scales due to the cells’ growth speed. Thus, it builds up on the surface of the skin.
On the other hand, eczema is a chronic skin condition that produces inflammation. Also, it’s other symptoms, but it depends on the type of eczema.

7 Types of eczema

The most common type of eczema is atopic dermatitis, which causes red rashes on the wrinkles of the knees and elbows.
On the other hand, contact dermatitis happens when your skin is in touch with an irritant chemical. And, it’ll cause you very itchy, cracked, and dry skin.
Then, we have stasis dermatitis, which usually occurs mainly in the lower legs of people over 65 years old.
That happens because of poor circulation. So, it decreases the blood from the legs to the heart.
The next type is seborrheic dermatitis which happens because your skin touches Malassezia yeast and causes an inflammatory reaction.
This kind of eczema appears in areas with very sebaceous glands, like the scalp, face, chest, back, armpits, and groin. And it’ll show itchy, flaky, and scaly patches.
Another type of eczema is nummular dermatitis, also known as nummular eczema and discoid eczema, which causes tiny bumps and blisters. 
While, dyshidrotic dermatitis creates blisters and cracks, scale, dry, itchy, and flaky skin in your hand and feet.
Last but not least, in this list of types of eczema, we have neurodermatitis commonly caused by other forms of eczema or stress.
And it generates thick, dry, and leathery patches on the skin.

Whats are the treatments for eczema?

Although eczema has different types, there are some common symptoms, like a damaged skin barrier, so it’s more prone to infections, preventing flares and itchy skin.
So, your treatment should target these issues, at least. Thus, you should use:

  • Use a moisturizers that help repair your skin barrier, such one that has the ingredients ceramides or niacinamide. So, it helps prevent water and heal your skin.
  • Use topical corticosteroid creams and ointments that help reduce inflammation and itchy skin.
  • Your doctor can tell you to use UVB and UVA waves, known as phototherapy, to treat moderate dermatitis.
  • Another treatment that your doctor can prescribe you is an injected biologic drug to limit the immune response. So, it helps reduce the symptoms of eczema.
  • Your doctor can prescribe you antibiotics if you have an infection. Or oral medications that help treat your eczema.
  • Use the drug: topical calcineurin inhibitors to reduce your inflammation and prevent flares.
  • Use antihistamines to reduce the risk of scratching during the night.

Tips for eczema

These are some tips that you can follow to avoid some of the triggers of eczema and to help heal it:

  • Use a moisturizer every day, and try to use one after 3 minutes after your shower to “lock” to moisturize your skin.
  • Wear soft and cotton fabric while avoiding rough, scratchy fibers and tight-fitting clothing.
  • Use a humidifier in dry or cold weather.
  • Use lukewarm in your showers.
  • Use mild laundry soaps.

3 Best creams to treat eczema

This is a list of some of the best creams that you can find on the market that can help treat your eczema:

– CeraVe

$9,49 at Amazon

First, in this list of best creams for your eczema, we have a famous drugstore brand: CeraVe, with 1% of hydrocortisone that relieves itchy skin. And along with niacinamide, it helps reduce redness.
Also, niacinamide and ceramide help keep the moisturizer on your skin because it helps build a strong skin barrier. Meanwhile, hyaluronic acid draws water into your skin.

– DermaCalm

$29,48 at Amazon

Next, we have a hypoallergenic cream, so it’s less likely to cause any adverse reaction to your skin.
Plus, it’s 8% of urea that helps remove the dead cells, so it helps remove scaly and rough skin. Also, it moisturizes your skin. Meanwhile, hyaluronic acid attracts water into your skin.
Furthermore, rose oil has antibacterial activity.

– Aveeno

$19,67 at Amazon

Last but not least, in this list of the best creams for eczema, we have the brand Aveeno with 1% of a natural ingredient: finely-ground oats, also known as colloidal oatmeal.
And, it has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity, as this research founds. Plus, as this study says, thanks to its starches and beta-glucan help keep the water in your skin.
Furthermore, this cream for eczema has ceramides that strengthen your skin barrier. So, it helps reduce the risk of infection and prevent water loss.

The bottom line

Eczema is the name of a group of skin conditions that it’s itchy and inflamed skin, and it’s caused by an external or internal trigger, like fragrances, genetics, or food allergies.
And, to find the best treatment to heal your eczema, check out your doctor.

You may also like:

– 10 Amazing benefits of niacinamide
– How to hydrate dry skin

Are you layering your skincare products correctly?

To know the answer subscribe now to receive a skincare guide. So you’ll learn the correct order in which you should apply your skincare products.
Also, in this skincare guide, you’ll learn some tips that will help you choose the right products for your skin type.
So, it’ll be much easier for you to create your perfect skincare routine which suits your needs.

Share it with your friends!

Leave a Reply